George Alfred Henty was born in 1832 and died in
1902. For a survey of his writing see: Peter Newbolt, G. A. Henty,
1832-1902: A Bibliographical Study, Aldershot, Scholar Press,
1996. It lists the books, annals, periodicals, and newspapers to
which Henty contributed. The titles are significant: The
Adventures of Two Brave Boys, Brains and Bravery, Brave and True,
Courage and Conflict, Dash and Daring, Hazard and Heroism, Peril
and Prowness, Steady and Strong, Venture and Valour, a series of
Fifty-two Stories for Boys: of Courage and Endeavour, of Duty and
Daring, of Heroism in Life and Action, of Life and Adventure, of
Pluck and Peril, Beeton's Boy's Own Magazine, Boys, The Boys
Brigade Gazzette, The Boy's Own Paper, The Brigadier, The Captain,
Every Boy's Magazine, and Young England.
See, for example, John MacKenzie, Propaganda and
Empire, Manchester, Manchester U. P., 1984; Philip Curtin, The
Image of Africa, Madison, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1964;
Brian Street, The Savage in Literature, London, Routledge &
Kegan Paul, 1975; Martin Green, Dreams of Adventure, Deeds of
Empire, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980; Patrick
Brantlinger, Rule of Darkness, Ithaca, Cornell U. P., 1988; Leo
Henkin, Darwinism in the English Novel, 1860-1910, New York,
Russell & Russell, 1963; Alan Sandison, The Wheel of Empire,
London, Macmillan, 1967; Joseph Bristow, Empire Boys, London,
Harper Collins, 1991; John MacKenzie, ed., Imperialism and Popular
Culture, Manchester, Manchester U. P., 1986; John McVeagh, ed.,
All Before Them, 1660-1780, London, Ashfield Press, 1990; Michael
Cotsell, ed., 1830-1876: Creditable Warriors, London, Ashfield
Press, 1990; Simon Gatrell, ed., 1876-1918: The Ends of the Earth,
London, Ashfield Press, 1992; Robert MacDonald, The Language of
Empire, Manchester, Manchester U. P., 1994; John MacKenzie, gen.
ed., Studies in Imperialism Series (Manchester, Manchester U. P.,
1984, 1986, 1988, 1992); J. A. Hobson, Imperialism, Ann Arbor,
University of Michigan Press, 1986 (first ed. 1902), and The
Psychology of Jingoism, London, Grant Richards, 1901; Eric
Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, 1875-1914, London, Weindenfeld and
Nicolson, 1987; and Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarism,
London, Secker and Warburg, 1951.
On West African Pidgin English see Loreto Todd,
Pidgins and Creoles, London, Routledge, 1974, and Modern
Englishes: Pidgins and Creoles, Oxford, Blackwell,
See Cap. Frederick Marryat, Newton Forster; or, the
Merchant Service, London, Dent, 1896 (first ed. 1832). Written
during the antislavery debate of the early 1830s, the book
describes happy life on slave plantations.
"The Diary of Antera Duke", an Efik slave-trading
chief of Old Calabar, was written by himself probably in 1790s.
Daryll Forde's Efik Traders of Old Calabar contains the original
text of The Diary of Antera Duke, being three years in the life of
an Efik chief, 18th January 1785 to 31st January 1788, in a modern
English version by A. W. Wilkie and D. Simmons. Daryll C. Forde,
eds, Efik Traders of Old Calabar, London, Oxford U. P., (for the
International African Institute), 1956, 27-65. In "Broken English
from Old Calabar, 1842," the linguist Manfred Görlach
examines a number of letters in Pidgin English written by West
African people in mid-eighteenth century. Manfred Görlach,
"Broken English from Old Calabar, 1842," English World-Wide 15, 2
(1994): 249-52. And in Africa Remembered Philip Curtin collects
various narratives by West Africans from the era of the slave
trade. Philip Curtin, ed., Africa Remembered: Narratives by West
Africans from the Era of the Slave Trade, Madison, The University
of Wisconsin Press, 1967).
- BHABHA, H. (1994), The Location of
Culture, London, Routledge.
- BOEHMER, E. (1995), Colonial and
Postcolonial Literature: Migrant Metaphors, Oxford, Oxford U.
- EQUIANO, O. (1789), The
Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa the
African, written by himself (First ed.).
- &emdash;&emdash; (1967), Equiano's
Travels: His Autobiography. The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah
Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa the African. Ed. P. EDWARDS, London,
- &emdash;&emdash; (1989), The Life
of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa the African, Written by
himself. Ed. P. EDWARDS, London, Longman.
- HENTY, G. A. (1884), By Sheer
Pluck: A Tale of the Ashanti War, London, Blackie & Son
(abbreviated to BSP).
- JAMESON, F. (1981), The Political
Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act, Ithaca, Cornell
- MOORE-GILBERT, B., ed. (1996),
Writing India, Manchester, Manchester U. P.
- MUDIMBE, Y. V. (1988), The
Invention of Africa: Gnosis, Philosophy, and the Order of
Knowledge, Bloomington, Indiana U. P.
- &emdash;&emdash; (1994), The Idea
of Africa, Bloomington, Indiana U. P.
- WHITE, H. (1973), Metahistory: The
Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe, Baltimore,
Johns Hopkins U. P.