Sommario Culture 2000

1 George Alfred Henty was born in 1832 and died in 1902. For a survey of his writing see: Peter Newbolt, G. A. Henty, 1832-1902: A Bibliographical Study, Aldershot, Scholar Press, 1996. It lists the books, annals, periodicals, and newspapers to which Henty contributed. The titles are significant: The Adventures of Two Brave Boys, Brains and Bravery, Brave and True, Courage and Conflict, Dash and Daring, Hazard and Heroism, Peril and Prowness, Steady and Strong, Venture and Valour, a series of Fifty-two Stories for Boys: of Courage and Endeavour, of Duty and Daring, of Heroism in Life and Action, of Life and Adventure, of Pluck and Peril, Beeton's Boy's Own Magazine, Boys, The Boys Brigade Gazzette, The Boy's Own Paper, The Brigadier, The Captain, Every Boy's Magazine, and Young England. 
2 See, for example, John MacKenzie, Propaganda and Empire, Manchester, Manchester U. P., 1984; Philip Curtin, The Image of Africa, Madison, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1964; Brian Street, The Savage in Literature, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975; Martin Green, Dreams of Adventure, Deeds of Empire, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980; Patrick Brantlinger, Rule of Darkness, Ithaca, Cornell U. P., 1988; Leo Henkin, Darwinism in the English Novel, 1860-1910, New York, Russell & Russell, 1963; Alan Sandison, The Wheel of Empire, London, Macmillan, 1967; Joseph Bristow, Empire Boys, London, Harper Collins, 1991; John MacKenzie, ed., Imperialism and Popular Culture, Manchester, Manchester U. P., 1986; John McVeagh, ed., All Before Them, 1660-1780, London, Ashfield Press, 1990; Michael Cotsell, ed., 1830-1876: Creditable Warriors, London, Ashfield Press, 1990; Simon Gatrell, ed., 1876-1918: The Ends of the Earth, London, Ashfield Press, 1992; Robert MacDonald, The Language of Empire, Manchester, Manchester U. P., 1994; John MacKenzie, gen. ed., Studies in Imperialism Series (Manchester, Manchester U. P., 1984, 1986, 1988, 1992); J. A. Hobson, Imperialism, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1986 (first ed. 1902), and The Psychology of Jingoism, London, Grant Richards, 1901; Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, 1875-1914, London, Weindenfeld and Nicolson, 1987; and Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarism, London, Secker and Warburg, 1951. 
3 On West African Pidgin English see Loreto Todd, Pidgins and Creoles, London, Routledge, 1974, and Modern Englishes: Pidgins and Creoles, Oxford, Blackwell, 1984.
4 See Cap. Frederick Marryat, Newton Forster; or, the Merchant Service, London, Dent, 1896 (first ed. 1832). Written during the antislavery debate of the early 1830s, the book describes happy life on slave plantations.
5 "The Diary of Antera Duke", an Efik slave-trading chief of Old Calabar, was written by himself probably in 1790s. Daryll Forde's Efik Traders of Old Calabar contains the original text of The Diary of Antera Duke, being three years in the life of an Efik chief, 18th January 1785 to 31st January 1788, in a modern English version by A. W. Wilkie and D. Simmons. Daryll C. Forde, eds, Efik Traders of Old Calabar, London, Oxford U. P., (for the International African Institute), 1956, 27-65. In "Broken English from Old Calabar, 1842," the linguist Manfred Görlach examines a number of letters in Pidgin English written by West African people in mid-eighteenth century. Manfred Görlach, "Broken English from Old Calabar, 1842," English World-Wide 15, 2 (1994): 249-52. And in Africa Remembered Philip Curtin collects various narratives by West Africans from the era of the slave trade. Philip Curtin, ed., Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans from the Era of the Slave Trade, Madison, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1967).
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