Sommario Culture 2000

* This essay is based on the thesis by Anna Maria Rugarli, "Slavery at the Cape Colony from Acquisition to the Process of Creolization, c. 1790-1830", presented at the Faculty of Political Sciences of the Universita' degli Studi, Milan, Italy on November 18th, 1998. The supervisor was Prof. Itala Vivan, and the discussant Prof. Maurizio Antonioli. For a background on slavery and the process of creolization at the Cape of Good Hope Colony, see the previous issue of CULTURE (1999: 75-96).
1 The definitions of 'Prize Negroes' and 'Prize Slaves' were found in the records, as well as 'Prize Boys' and 'Prize Slaves'. For instance, see Cape Archives, Slave Office, Book of Complaints 4/2 and Book of Inquiry 4/5 respectively case nr. 8 and pp. 9, 10, 14, 17, 22.
2 Slavery caused a massive mix of races in the Cape Colony. It is worthwile underlining here that slaves were imported into the colony from Madagascar, Mozambique, India, Ceylon, and South-East Asia. When the first settlers arrive at the Cape in 1652, they were forbidden to enslave native populations by the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (the Dutch East India Company) that established the settlement. As a matter of facts, Prize Negroes were practically treated and lived as slaves, therefore they participated to the process of creolization as such.
3 Respectively CA, SO 4/2-4/3 (1826-1834), and 4/5-4/8 (1826-1834).
4 Cape of Good Hope Gazette, Ordinance Number Nineteen, 1826.
5 CA, SO 4/2 case nr. 8.
6 CA, SO 4/2 case nr. 8.
7 Ibidem.
8 Ibidem.
9 CA, SO 4/5 case nr. 8, p. 22.
10 Proclamation of the 29th April 1827 in the Cape of Good Hope Gazzette, 1827.
11 Ibidem.
12 CA, CO 9 Items 27 and 28.
13 CA, SO case nr. 8, p. 30.
14 Mr van Ryneveld was also part of the Commission of Inquiry together with Clemens Matthiessen and T. Dashwood.
15 CA, SO 4/5 case nr. 8, p. 30.
16 CA, SO 3/1 Report of the Protector of Slaves nr. 3, Report of Proceedings of the Registrar and Guardian of Slaves at the Cape of Good Hope during the Half Year Ending, 24th June 1827.
17 Ibidem.
18 CA, SO 4/5 case nr. 8, p. 22.
19 Ibidem.
20 Ibidem.
21 CA, SO 4/5 case nr. 8, p. 14.
22 I.e. modern Mamre. It was established in 1808 as a Moravian Mission Station. The land was granted by the British at the Cape under the governorship of Lord Caledon (see Ward: 1992).
23 Ibidem.
24 CA, SO 4/5 nr. 61, p. 98.
25 Ibidem.
26 CA, SO 5/1, p. 225. See also CA SO 2/11 Letter Book (1826-1830), pp. 6 (18th August 1826), 56 (26th January 1827) and 119 (6th July 1827).
27 CA, SO 4/5 nr. 8, respectively pp. 6, 10, 14, 17 and 22.
28 CA, SO 4/5 nr. 8, 16th August 1826, p.r6.
29 The Bokkeveld is a rural area North of Cape Town.
30 CA, SO 4/2 case nr. 8, 16th August 1826.
31 On the matter of illegal imports of slaves after 1808 see Reidy (1997: 75-76).
32 There are quite a few slave narratives in the United States. On the matter see Douglass (1986) and Armellin (1975). Moreover see Blassingame (ed., 1989) and Curtin (ed., 1967).
Torna su 


Cape Archives (CA), Slave Office
Reports of the Protector of Slaves:
3/1-3/20 (1826-1834)
Books of Complaints:
4/2-4/3 (1826-1834)
Books of Inquiry:
4/5-4/8 (1826-1834)
Day Books:
5/1-5/10 (1826-1834)
Colonial Office, 9 Items 27 and 28
ARMELLIN, B. (ed.) (1975), La condizione dello schiavo, Torino, Einaudi.
BLASSINGAME, J. W. (ed.) (1989), Slave Testimony: Two Centuries of Letters, Speeches, Interviews and Autobiographies, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press.
CURTIN, Ph. D. (ed.) (1967), Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans from the Era of the Slave Trade, Madison, London, University of Wisconsin Press.
DOUGLASS, F. (1986), Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, New York, Penguin.
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MASON, J. E. (1992), 'Fit for Freedom': The Slaves, Slavery and Emancipation in the Cape Colony, South Africa, 1806 to 1842, PhD thesis, Yale University.
RAYNER, M. (1986), Wine and Slaves: The Failure of an Export Economy at the Ending of Slavery in the Cape Colony, 1806-1834, PhD thesis, Duke University.
REIDY, M. (1997), The Admission of Slaves and 'Prize Slaves' into the Cape Colony, 1797-1818 MA thesis, University of Cape Town.
SPUY, van der, P. (1993), A Collection of Discrete Essays on Gender and Cape Slavery in the Early Nineteenth Century, MA thesis, University of Cape Town.